Book about moral, political and societal dimensions of moral injury with extensive case studies of Bosnia and Afghanistan veterans. Several chapters appeared as shorter article versions in 2018 & 2019, see below. This book was awarded the Van Helsdingen prize for best work on the borderline of psychiatry and philosophy.
Molendijk, T. (2021). Moral Injury and Soldiers in Conflict: Political Practices and Public Perceptions. London: Routledge. LINK.
About ambiguities at the strategic level and the moral challenges thus created for military police
Kalkman, J. & Molendijk, T. 2021. The Role of Strategic Ambiguity in Moral Injury: A Case Study of Dutch Border Guards Facing Moral Challenges. Journal of Management Inquiry, 30(2): 221–234. LINK | LINK 2 (to pre-print pdf)
About the role of political decision-making and narratives surrounding military interventions in moral injury
Molendijk, T. 2019. The Role of Political Practices in Moral Injury: A Study of Afghanistan Veterans. Political Psychology, 40(2): 261-275. LINK 1 (to publication) | LINK 2 (to pre-print pdf)
About the role of societal perceptions of soldiers and public debates surrounding military interventions in moral injury
Molendijk, T. 2018. Moral Injury in Relation to Public Debates: The Role of Societal Misrecognition in Moral Conflict-Colored Trauma among Soldiers. Social Science & Medicine, 211: 314-320. LINK 1 (to publication) | LINK 2 (to pre-print pdf)
About moral dimensions of moral injury, and the manifestation of morality’s complexity in moral injury
Molendijk, T. 2018. Toward an Interdisciplinary Conceptualization of Moral Injury: From Unequivocal Guilt and Anger to Moral Conflict and Disorientation. New Ideas in Psychology, 51: 1-8. LINK 1 (to publication) | LINK 2 (to pre-print pdf)
Preliminary analysis of conceptualizations of moral dimensions of moral injury
Molendijk, T., Kramer, E.H. & Verweij, D.E.M. 2018. Moral Aspects of ‘Moral Injury’: Analyzing Conceptualizations on the Role of Morality in Military Trauma. Journal of Military Ethics. 17(1):36-53. LINK 1 (to publication) | LINK 2 (to pre-print pdf)
About how soldiers are taught double-bind messages regarding violence and trauma
Molendijk, T., Kramer, E.H. & Verweij, D.E.M. 2016. Conflicting Notions on Violence and PTSD in the Military: Institutional and Personal Narratives of Combat-Related Illness. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 40(3): 338-360. LINK 1 (to publication) | LINK 2 (to pre-print pdf)